Jupiter got hit again...a big one...! Jul 21, 2009 0:01:21 GMT -6
Post by Chicago Astronomer Joe on Jul 21, 2009 0:01:21 GMT -6
New NASA Images Indicate Object Hits Jupiter
Something BIG smashed into Jupiter recently...!
Scientists have found evidence that another object has bombarded Jupiter, exactly 15 years after the first impacts by the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9.
Following up on a tip by an amateur astronomer, Anthony Wesley of Australia, that a new dark "scar" had suddenly appeared on Jupiter, this morning between 3 and 9 a.m. PDT (6 a.m. and noon EDT) scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., using NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility at the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, gathered evidence indicating an impact.
New infrared images show the likely impact point was near the south polar region, with a visibly dark "scar" and bright upwelling particles in the upper atmosphere detected in near-infrared wavelengths, and a warming of the upper troposphere with possible extra emission from ammonia gas detected at mid-infrared wavelengths.
"We were extremely lucky to be seeing Jupiter at exactly the right time, the right hour, the right side of Jupiter to witness the event. We couldn't have planned it better," said Glenn Orton, a scientist at JPL.
Orton and his team of astronomers kicked into gear early in the morning and haven't stopped tracking the planet. They are downloading data now and are working to get additional observing time on this and other telescopes.
This image was taken at 1.65 microns, a wavelength sensitive to sunlight reflected from high in Jupiter's atmosphere, and it shows both the bright center of the scar (bottom left) and the debris to its northwest (upper left).
"It could be the impact of a comet, but we don't know for sure yet," said Orton. "It's been a whirlwind of a day, and this on the anniversary of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 and Apollo anniversaries is amazing."
Shoemaker-Levy 9 was a comet that had been seen to break into many pieces before the pieces hit Jupiter in 1994.
Leigh Fletcher, a NASA postdoctoral fellow at JPL who worked with Orton during these latest observations said, "Given the rarity of these events, it's extremely exciting to be involved in these observations. These are the most exciting observations I've seen in my five years of observing the outer planets!"
Amateur astronomer Anthony Wesley from Canberra, Australia captured an image of Jupiter on July 19 showing a possible new impact site.
The observations were made possible in large measure by the extraordinary efforts of the Infrared Telescope Facility staff, including telescope operator William Golisch, who adroitly moved three instruments in and out of the field during the short time the scar was visible on the planet, providing the wide wavelength coverage.
I recall the last time Jupiter got smacked. Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 hit it from behind, amnd it wasn't untill the impact site on Jupiter rotated toward Earth that we got a good look. They even broadcast the event live on PBS.
I could even view it in my modest telescopes.
(Two summers ago, I observed Jupiter, as I normally do...and noticed that one of the equitorial bands on the planet...was gone. I thought I was seeing things and asked my astro pal to look...and he said it was gone. Later, in about two days, astro sites were also recording the absence of the band.)
Some unknown object kicking in Oort Cloud debris inward toward the Sun...? A lone undiscovered comet...? An asteroid...? 2012...?
I don't know, but Jupiter does a good job in cleaning up debris.....